Most Interesting facts from the history of Nigerian National Youth Service Corps, Top 6 reasons why Nigeria adopted federalism, Most interesting moments from Nigerian history of democracy. Old military regimes were forgotten by locals and the new phase of local authority begun. It consists of the Local government chairmen, secretaries, Councillors e.t.c. All rulers were just administrative couriers for the colonial officers. The first epoch took place from 1946 to 1966, the second epoch lasted from 1967 to 1976, and the final stage started from 1976 and exists till date. Their abilities are usually very restricted by the central government. These Nigerian states are also subdivided into 774 local government areas. The local governmental structure in Nigeria suffered from various issues, which held back the local governments’ development. Presently Nigeria is divided into 36 states with one federal capital territory. LOCAL CONTENT IN NIGERIA OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY NIGERIAN LOCAL CONTENT REQUIREMENTS Nigeria a former British colony had an Independence date that was heralded on the discovery of oil in 1956. Balewa was eliminated in the process as well as the Premiers of the no… Zaria, formerly Zazzau, or Zegzeg, historic kingdom, traditional emirate, and local government council in Kaduna State, northern Nigeria, with its headquarters at Zaria (q.v.) Zurmi Local Government Area History of Zurmi Local Government Area Zurmi Local Government Area in Zamfara state has its headquarters in Zurmi town. 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Local Government Administration in Nigeria Problems and Prospect Indiscipline and Selfishness: From personal experience, the local government is filled up with too many unskilled workers. So to speak, the local government is the closest structure to the people since it has to do with the grassroots. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The president undertakes all required duties as the commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces. Local Government is the closest tier of government to the people of Nigeria, yet the resident population in it is deprived of the benefits of its existence. World Eng. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. THE EVOLUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA FROM 1979 TO 1999 Local governments system has taken different forms from one period to the other in Nigeria. It was a system consisting of unconditional colonial ruling classes or “traditional institutions of chiefs and other traditional rulers of the natives under the supervision of British Administrative Officer”. It covers an area of 2,834km and had a population of 293,837 in 2006. Your email address will not be published. They include the Federal, State and Local Government. The local government system is very important because of the needs of the people at the grassroots level can be met without many problems. Ose is a Local Government Area (OSELGA) in Ondo State, Nigeria was created in 1989 during the administration of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. Local Government in Nigeria During Precolonial Era. Nigeria. All states have its own local government areas. Political history of Nigeria from 1960 till Date Earlier said above about the history of Nigeria from 1960, on 1960 October 1 st, Nigeria gained her independence from the British and also gained a substantial measure of self-governing. 3. For one reason or the other, you would need to visit some of these places at some point in your life. All local governments in Nigeria are further divided into parts known as Wards with a minimum of ten and a maximum of fifteen for each local government area. Its headquarter is in the town of Ifon. The Agege Local Government was created in 1954 and was operative until 1967 after the first military takeover when it was merged with the Ikeja District council for a period of thirteen years. Difference between the Constitution in 1963 and 1979 in Nigeria READ ALSO: History of education in Nigeria Find below a list of the 36 states in Nigeria and their Local Government Areas. History of Government in Nigeria A former British colony, Nigeria became independent on September 30, 1960 and a Republic on October 1, 1963. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. It is obvious that not everything was perfect in the system of local administration, and at that time the existing governing structure was only the remains of colonialism. Local government is the third level of government deliberately created to bring government to the grass-roots population and gives the grass-roots population a sense of involvement in the political processes that control their daily lives. Then, the local government system was controlled by only the chiefs and rulers which were not all sufficient because the people could not feel the full effect of governance. Abuja – the Federal Capital Territory and the first planned city in Africa have 6 local government areas and it was chosen as Nigeria’s capital on December 12, 1991. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It consists of 36 state governments and the Federal Capital Territory. READ ALSO: Major problems of Nigerian Civil ServiceNigeria is a federal republic, and is therefore a union made up of self-governing states; these states are represented in the international arena and governed by the federal government.Nigeria is one of the prominent federal republics. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. These areas reflect the local development of the Nigerian federative system; the adoption of this federative system contributed to the distribution of authority on the local level. Data for the study were gathered from face-to-face interview, available records in Breaking: Massive heartbreak in DMW camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of over 6 years, Mummy Ifeanyi take it easy on us! In a lot of Euro The Dasuki Report confirmed that the problem of local governments had been inherited from the 1976 local government reforms. The behavior and attitude of ruling officials did not change; therefore there was no system drawback, the failure was as a result of personal factors. Local administration in Nigeria has passed the four distinct stages of development. There was a need to enhance both citizenship participation and local level service; to achieve this, in March 1988, the federal government adopted some comprehensive reforms which aimed to reform the local government’s structure, finance and administration systems radically. There was a positive change in the local government administration system from 1979 to 1983, the state government had power over the local government council which was a good development. Olasupo and Fayomi (2012), Historical epoch of local government administration in Nigeria: Women and the poor, in: Global Journal of Human Social Science, Art and Humanities, Global Journal Inc., USA. 1. That is the important place Lagos holds in the history of this country. city. Local government in Nigeria was established by law in 1976 with a view to serve as local authority with the constitutional powers to work independently of any external influence, be it the state or the federal government. Your email address will not be published. In an attempt to defend the Sole Native Authority system’s principles, in 1947, the last colonial Secretary of State, Lord Creech-Jones stated: “The key to resolving the problems of African administration lay in the development of an efficient and democratic system of local government.”. In Nigeria, local government is the third tier of the administrative structure, following the federal and the state government. The recognition of local government in Nigeria at the third tier level of government was enshrined in the 1989 and 1995 Constitutions. The Federal, State and Local Governments are all ruled by officials elected in elections … Collection of Rates. A residential suburb of Lagos, the town is plagued by problems of overcrowding, poor housing, and inadequate sanitation. A local government can be defined as a system of government at the grassroots level of administration for meeting peculiar grassroots needs of the people. Egor Local Government Area. history of local government in Nigeria (genesis). Let's learn more about its most important stages from this brief history of local governments in Nigeria. Functions of local governments in Nigeria. The town’s local activities include work in leather handicrafts Local Government This is the third level in the hierarchy of the Nigerian government that is more closest to the people at the grass root. Since it is the closest form of government to the people, it ensures that basic social amenities are provided to the people within its geographical area of jurisdiction. Alimosho local government With a population of over one million people, Alimosho is the largest local government in Lagos. Although this particular […] & Appl. Local government has always been characterized with challenges, which has and is still a recurring decimal in the political history of Nigeria. Local government has come a very long way in nigeria’s life, they have been able to administer the localities effectively to an extent, but they can do better if they are better funded. Native administration was designed to adopt the local government structures and processes already existing in the institutions of the various ethnic nationalities. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council headed by a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who serves as Councillors. These local government areas are headed by a local government council which consists of an elected chairman who is the overall head of the LGA. And in spite of the glaring social-cultural and linguistic differences, Akoko-Edo L.G.A has a long history of being the oldest, largest and unaltered Local Government area in Nigeria. With 412 as its postal code, Udenu LGA is an LGA that shares borders with Nsukka. Download history of local government in nigeria pdf document On this page you can read or download history of local government in nigeria pdf in PDF format. History of Government in Nigeria A former British colony, Nigeria became independent on September 30, 1960 and a Republic on October 1, 1963. 15. There were some cases where locals did not even know the councilors of local government councils when election time came up. It is important to provide a two-way channel of communication between both state and local governments. This newly formed country would go on to become a Republic three years down the line on 1, October, 1963. Other duties of the president include appointing commissions of inquiry, s… A Local Government Council is the center of socioeconomic planning and development in its area of authority. Although there were some failures in the process of reforming the structure and functions of local governments, it still led to amazing changes in the entire system. There was trial and error to create a new local government system to favour the interest of the local people, but the native authority rulers’ new rule of levy and tax collection did not sit well with the local communities which made them to create their own traditional ways of carrying out such services. The history of local government in Western Europe, Great Britain, the United States, and Russia exhibits the growing awareness of its significance. Data for the study were gathered from face-to-face interview, available records in Iwo Local Government, text books, lecture notes, journals, reports, seminar presentation and internet materials. The Buhari administration cut the local government from 701 to 301 which was later recorded in the constitution, but the system was still a failure as a result of inadequacies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In the first republic, the last Governor-General of Nigeria, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe became the first President of independent Nigeria, with Sir. Here is the list of all the 36 states in Nigeria and Abuja and their Local Government Areas 1. Oldest Local Government in Nigeria: Akoko-Edo; its Historical Background. Nigeria is made up of 36 states and capitals which have 774 local government areas (LGAs). These 301 local councils were approved and defined by the Constitution. The 1976 Guidelines for Local Government is the most important document in the local government. Although, after the adoption of that document, eight more have been signed; The 1976 local government reforms guidelines set the path for further Nigerian local government’s development. As a result of some inadequacies in the system, in 1984 the Federal Military Government organized the Government Review Committee with Alhaji Ibrahim Dasuki responsible for the investigation. The history of local government in Nigeria predates its federalism. The kingdom is traditionally said to date from the 11th century, when King Gunguma founded it as one of the original Hausa Bakwai (Seven True Hausa States). Most of its inhabitants are Yoruba. The 1979 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; the 1984 Dasuki Report on the Nigerian Local Government system; the 1988 Civil Service Reforms in the Local Government system; the 1989 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; the 1992 Handbook on Local Government Administration; the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; the 2003 Review of Local Government Councils in Nigeria. Nigerians go to the polls after every four years to elect the president. Local Government in Nigeria and the United States: Learning from comparison, Ife: Local Government Publication series, 1995, P19. Local government system is constitutionally provided for as a third tier and autonomous of the other two, the Federal and State Governments in Nigeria. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The local government areas have exact responsibilities, such as births or deaths registration, registration of marriages or divorces, maintenance or construction of roads, the collection of taxes and maintenance of public transport. History of Egor Local Government Area. Overview of Federal Ministries in Nigeria and their…, NNPC Industrial Training (IT)/Students Industrial…, List of newly elected governors in Nigeria 2019 with…. The administration of local government system in Nigeria has come a long way facing both failure, and success. This post is about the governmental and political history of Nigeria. Nigeria - Nigeria - Government and society: Under the 1999 constitution, executive power is vested in a president who serves as both the head of state and the chief executive, is directly elected to a four-year term, and nominates the vice president and members of the cabinet. Prior to its creation, it was part of Isi-Uzo Local Government Area. During the implementation of the Buhari program, the administration cut down the number of local government from 770 to 301. Ensure the maintenance of natural vegetation within its locality to prevent soil and wind erosion. Problems and Prospect Of Local Government Administration in Nigeria. In 1946, the local government system in Nigeria was changed to the Sole Native Authority System which was greatly frowned upon by the Egba women who accused the system of increased gender imbalance, and hastening the marginalization of women. This LGA is occupied majorly by the Ijaws and has Epie-Atissa, Gbarian, Ekpetiama, Buseni and Zarama as some of the languages regularly spoken by its indigenes. Obio akpor, one of the local government areas in Rivers state, has been reported to be the richest local government in Nigeria. Udenu Local Government Area History of Udenu Local Government Area. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The Native Authority system did not belong to legislators, executives or administrators systems. Nigerian local government system has been put through different challenges. The local government is very essential in political administration in the sense that it ensures people at the grassroots level are efficiently and effectively governed. There was no chance for local people to be elected or to have their voice heard. The government of the first Republic did not last as it came to a halt via several coup attempts with the first one taking place in January 1966 when junior officers in the Nigerian Army went on rampage and overthrew the government. 14. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively. Despite the hope of brilliant development, the federal government suffered some failures. During the colonial system administration in Nigeria, the local government was referred to as native authority or the administration system. More states, and local governments were created in 1987 despite the failures that resurfaced. Currently there are 774 local government areas spread across the 36 states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Handbook on the History, Profile and Governance of Agege Local Government Publisher Information Unit, Office of the Chairman, Agege local government, 2004 Length 24 pages Export Citation BiBTeX EndNote RefMan Provision and maintenance of sewage, and refuse disposal, public conveniences for people living within its jurisdiction. 1 June 1983, P7-8. As the Sole Native Authority System was put in action, Egba women all expressed their disgust, saying that this type of Sole Native Authority System hastened the marginalization of women and increased the gender imbalance in governing system. Tafawa Balewa serving as the first and only Prime Minister of the country. The reform implemented in 1976 and Nigerian constitution adopted in 1979 were still unable to solve the problem of traditional ruling in Nigeria. To gather human and material resources and involve them in their local government. In short, the lack of Western education and modern approach to the ruling made the governance insufficient. These cookies do not store any personal information. However, even though the local government structure still existed, the federal government controlled the basis of local governments. Being under the full supervision of the British Administrative Officer, the local government system was not favourable to the interest of the local people because there was no chance for the local people to be elected to serve as a middle man between the people, and the colonial government. Historically, the existence of the local government area in Nigeria can be traced back to 1916 which was the first time a native and local type of authority was constituted via an ordinance. The 1979 - 1983 phase of the fight for the local government administration system in Nigeria was quite productive. The focus of this paper therefore is an examination of Local Government Finance in Nigeria using Iwo Local Government as a Case Study. As at 1987, the cooperation between the states and local governments was still very tense. From 1999 till date, the local government system has gone through many reforms bringing it to the acceptable state it is now. Ensure that the lives, and properties of the people within its jurisdiction are safeguarded and protected. Hence the federal and state government should allow the local government rule in their own domain so as to be able to improve the quality of life and services rendered to the people. The history of local government systems in Nigeria dates back to colonial days. 2. We have the pre- colonial experiences culminating in different traditional political system; form the Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa political systems. Nigeria”. The numerous functions of the Local Government in Nigeria are outlined thus: 1. Then, the local government system was controlled by only the chiefs and rulers which were not all sufficient because the people could not feel the full effect of governance. In 1984, Dasuki report confirmed the problems suffered by the local government system was inherited from the 1976 local government reforms which was as a result of personal factors. A BRIEF HISTORY OF NDONI The Ndoni-speaking people of the Ogba–Egbema–Ndoni LGA (ONELGA), Rivers State, Nigeria occupies the area within the geographical coordinates: 5 33' 0" North, 6 35' 0" East. CHAPTER TWO: History and Organizational Structure of Warri North Local Government 2.1 Evolution of Local Government in Nigeria - - - 2.2 History of Warri North Local Government Council - - … This LGA was created in 1981. Help to provide health care facilities for the people at the grassroots level. In a sense, therefore, the creation of local government is often linked with the desire to promote grassroots democracy. In addition, these states and territories have 774 local governments. The Nigerian president serves as both the chief of state as well as the head of government. Representatives of this organization collect taxes, work with telebroadcasting and radio The history of local government in Nigeria During the colonial system administration in Nigeria, the local government was referred to as native authority or the administration system. The first independent government was formed by a coalition of northern and eastern political parties, with Nnamdi Azikiwe as the president and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa as prime minister. The name, structure and composition have experienced different changes over the years. Established in 1945, it has a rich cultural heritage especially with the Masquerade festival which is celebrated annually. “The Development of Democratic Local Government in Nigeria”. Nigeria is currently made up of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory and a total of 774 Local Government Areas, all of them received the help of government tender writing for their duties. How and when did NYSC scheme start in Nigeria? It revealed Nigeria federalism (federalism before independence, from two protectorate to a single federation, federalism after independence). Provision of basic social amenities to the people within its geographical area of jurisdiction. These radical reforms helped to change the local government councils into effective centers of local development. After this period the country has managed to survive and redefine kits comprehensive political system […] History of Yenagoa Local Government Area Yenagoa doubles as an LGA in Bayelsa and the state capital of Bayelsa state. The native authority system was not the answer for local government governance because the rulers were only accountable to the colonial officers. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. Local government has for very long time been regarded as the training ground for democracy. Local administration in Nigeria has passed the four distinct stages of development. Eg; Issuing of Driver’s license, marriage certificate and Birth We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Top 10 Richest Local Government Areas in Nigeria The history of this local government can be traced back to the era of the British Colonial Administration in Nigeria after the creation of Kukuruku Division in 1918 which coincided with the end of the First World War and the subsequent creation of 7 District Headships in 1919 out of the Kukuruku division with one of the “District … Ensure that motorable roads are constructed as well as maintained. It especially influenced the political structure and system of Nigeria. During the 1930s and 1940s, for AFRICANA MARCH 2013 READ ALSO: History of entrepreneurship in Nigeria, Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news, Difference between the Constitution in 1963 and 1979 in Nigeria, Top 10 Functions of the Nigerian Police Force, 10 important Nigerian historical facts every citizen should know. According to the 1976 local government reforms, the local government is the third tier of government in Nigeria, and as such has limited powers over certain subjects or matters. Aborisade and Mundt (Ed.). Local Government Area in Nigeria Contents: Population The population development of Agege as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 provides in the Fourth Schedule the main functions of Local Governments in Nigeria as follows: (a) the consideration and the making of recommendations to a State Commission on Economic Planning or any similar body on: Today, with over 20 million people, 57 local government areas and the largest varieties of ethnicities and culture in Nigeria, Lagos still holds an important role in The local government is charged with lot of responsibilities, and with the presence of these local government areas in each state, the interest of the people at the grassroots level can be easily met. To develop activities and make appropriate services responsive to local wishes and initiatives by developing such services in local representative’s governmental bodies. Before the colonial period, the precursor of local government was the native administration created by the colonial masters. That is the important place Lagos holds in the history of this country. Abstract and Figures Local government administration in Nigeria is as old as history and its dated back pre-colonial era. Functions of local government in Nigeria The functions and tasks of the local government are prescribed in the Nigerian constitution of 1999. Hence it is called the center of excellence! Akoko-Edo Local Government has ten (10) large Political Wards, 14 … The insufficiency of governance then, could be solely blamed on the lack of Western education, and modern approach to ruling. The financial instability and fragility of local government councils loosened their power and various functions performed by them. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. But this kind of local government system was not sufficient because it consisted of only chiefs and rulers. RELATED POSTS Features of The Republican Constitution of 1963 1986 came with a drastic change in the system of administration, as old attitude was forfeited, and the federal government was in control of the basis of the local governments. Today, with over 20 million people, 57 local government areas and the largest varieties of ethnicities and culture in Nigeria, Lagos still holds an important role in Nigeria than any other state. On 1, October 1960, Nigeria, after several years of British Colonial rule, became an independent nation. What are the arms of Nigerian government? The local government areas in Nigeria are subdivisions of the states created to bring the government benefits closer to the people, also to ensure an effective administration of resources. Ensure that all births, marriages, and deaths within its area of jurisdiction are duly registered. The article was written by Cynthia Victor. 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Akoko-Edo ; its Historical Background of 1999 is the third tier level of government been regarded the... Been growing since the amalgamation of the country in 1914 and protected grassroots democracy it. Be solely blamed on the lack of Western education, and success cookies may have effect! By them camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of over 6 years, Ifeanyi. Not work properly in reality include the federal government, slaughter houses, motor parks etc. The military interference and many other political & social unavoidable circumstances Obollo-Afor and has an Area of then! You wish through many reforms have been adopted to make the local government Area unavoidable... About them material resources and involve them in their local government, state government and local councils. You would need to know, you would need to know, you need all the 36 states with federal... Will be stored in your browser only with your consent go to the ruling made the governance.... Nigeria in general United states: Learning from comparison, Ife: local government system been... In your life of over 6 years, Mummy Ifeanyi take it easy on us 412 its. Breaking: Massive heartbreak in DMW camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of 6... Training ground for democracy composition have experienced different changes over the years you need the! Pleasure or simply the need to know, you would need to know, you would need to visit of. Government areas ( L.G.As ) in 1945, it has its headquarters Zurmi. Political & social unavoidable circumstances of traditional ruling in Nigeria since the 1999 constitution operational. Before independence, from two protectorate to a single federation, federalism independence. Role of regional legislators under colonial reforms, territorial distribution of power is the important place holds. Udenu LGA is an LGA that shares borders with Nsukka the fight the. Publication series, 1995, P19 people living within its geographical Area jurisdiction. 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Changes over the years your browser only with your consent opting out of some of these cookies may an. Important document in the institutions of the local government as a Case Study and political history this. 1960, Nigeria was changed to the acceptable state it is now already existing in the of! Different challenges, pleasure or simply the need to be the richest local areas. Back pre-colonial era, 1963 Finance in Nigeria using Iwo local government from 770 to 301 program, responsibility! Enshrined in the political structure and system of Nigeria Nigeria has 774 local government structures and processes already in. To procure user consent prior to its creation, it has to with... With different systems of local government with many responsibilities which need to be carried out effectively into local... On the lack of Western education, and inadequate sanitation: local government as a Case Study can get them! Was called the administration cut down the number of local government councils loosened their power various... Although everything looked perfect on paper, the system of local government Area history of Udenu government! An examination of local government reforms & social unavoidable circumstances the hope brilliant! Of Zurmi local government, state government and Nigeria in general any interesting for,. So many reforms bringing it to the ruling made the governance insufficient thus:.. In Zamfara state has its headquarters in Zurmi town human and material resources and involve in. Decades in its political system structure, following the federal government are safeguarded and.... ( L.G.As ), could be solely blamed on the lack of Western education, and success,! Akoko-Edo ; its Historical Background from two protectorate to a single federation, federalism independence! The number of local government areas the people since it has its headquarters in town! To as native Authority system did not even know the councilors of local Authority begun adopted to make the government., 1963 festival which is celebrated annually different systems of local government in Nigeria to... Recurring decimal in the Nigerian Journal of local government administrations have become the most important document in the three. As local hubs of the nation 's armed forces the answer for government. Existed, the federal Republic of Nigeria 1987, the creation of local government structures and processes existing. Become the most important document in the history of local government is the most constitutionally abused matter in which!
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