Keith Combs and his biggest ever bluegill. However, evidence suggests Florida Bass are much less apt to be caught by fishing. My guess is the further north you go the less well they do. By the spring of 2013 it was full of water and measured 5/8 of a acre. The Hybrid Bluegill is 95% male. A hybrid bluegill is a cross between a male bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and a female sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus). So the answer to the question, “Should I stock Coppernose Bluegill or Regular (native) Bluegill or both?” is – it depends. growth rate of most all fish. are not a Hybrid A hybrid bluegill is an easy-to-catch, fast-growing game fish that makes a fun addition to recreational ponds and lakes. Coppernose bluegill have 12 soft rays on their anal fin as opposed to 11 soft even more important for pond ownesr to use proper pond management (fertilizing program) because of the As we all know, traits come from genetics. Suttle Fish Farm sales the Coppernose Bluegill for stocking pond and lake. This post will attempt to clear any confusions about each species’ characteristics, the various ways to identify them, and how you can stock both. With proper pond management, coppernose in excess of one pound is easily obtainable. Artificial feed has been use to excelerate the Florida/northern crosses (F-1s and FXs) are a good southern choice for both catchability and size but do research on the hatcheries you consider buying from as all are not equal. Coppernose Bluegill and Florida Bass grow bigger under the right circumstances but do not necessarily flourish in colder climates. It takes two to three months to reach this size. If you own or manage private waters anywhere in the world - or want to - Pond Boss is the leading authority. recognized subspecies of bluegill (lepomis macrochirus). It also has a slightly larger mouth than the standard bluegill and will be more aggressive than its pure bluegill parent. Coppernose That is a critical key to success with Coppernose. Pure strain coppernose bluegill. The catch is that their offspring will usually be about 90% male and 10% female. Florida Bass (at least the females) get bigger but do not bite as readily. If you are in the south and want trophy sized bass then Florida Bass genetics are the way to go. truth is Coppernose bluegill will do good, if you provide the right food in 120-127. Here is the basic story. common or native bluegill in the two pound range. Fingerlings. If you’re told differently, you’re being lied to. While this fish exhibits some of the traits of coppernose, it’s actually a cross. your pond for your fish during the growing season, by proper management of The Spawning activity of the brooders began at the same time (last week of Feb in 1995 and first week of March in 1997) and produced the same size offspring for tagging at the same time each year ( mid-April) in what appeared to be similar numbers. studies on the Coppernose. If you are in the Deep South or the Southwest (including Southern California) and not at high elevation (Appalachian, Rocky or Sierra Mountains) Coppernose should be considered. the United States. shorter growing season. They are, however, sharp. Studies on the The increased male to female ratio assists in population control. should be expected because of the shorter growing season. It is not known how much, if any, of the early growth difference between the two sub-species was due to limited forage. is a Coppernose Bluegill? growth rate of the Coppernose as compared to the Southern United States. There a tons of natural hybrids among the different sunfish species, but most of the monsters caught at fairfield are a hybridized mix of bluegill and a green sunfish. Here are some points from a study (1) on the subject, looking at growth (size at age), survival and catchability. Fish farms and live haulers in Mississippi, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama and growth rate of most all fish. Please e-mail us your bluegill needs and we will work with you any way we It is found in central and southern Florida as well as a small part of southeast Georgia. Coppernose bluegill will readily accept a floating pelleted diet, have a relatively small mouth, can grow to over 2lbs, have extremely high fecundity (reproductive potential, and taste great too! This is seen as a very large negative! Coppernose over two and a  half pound size with the help of artificial Why Pond Boss? Pond Boss magazine and pondboss.com. The standard “Hybrid Bream” is a combination of a Coppernose Bluegill and a Green Sunfish. Coppernose Bluegill were significantly larger than Native Bluegill in all scenarios tested with the largest observed difference being 19.2 mm total length (.756 inch) and 33.5 grams (1.18 ounces) over 2 years. At 4 years of age: Bluegill will likely fall between 8.7 and 9.4 inches. When the male bluegill and female sunfish mate, the resulting brood is 80 to 90 percent male. They are only one of three recognized subspecies of bluegill (lepomis macrochirus). Coppernose in the northern United States states show that it is No profound copper or orange color fins, and a light copper-colored band across its nose. Notice the lavender color above the copper band on its nose, and the orangish-color fins and tail. How to Clean a Bluegill. All fish are guaranteed disease free and we offer satisfaction without the hassle. You will want to be careful while handling the bluegill because the spines could cut you. So, how do you tell the differences between Coppernose and regular Bluegill? feed. This is my basic pond. The other pond is about 1.5 acres and has bass, native bluegills, coppernose bluegills, some large green sunfish, about 10 hybrid stripers and two ancient channel cats. Dan Suttle You might ask why is there a difference in the genetics of Coppernose vs. “regular” native strains of Bluegill and Florida vs. Northern Bass? Coppernose Bluegill were significantly larger than Native Bluegill in all scenarios tested with the largest observed difference being 19.2 mm total length (.756 inch) and 33.5 grams (1.18 ounces) over 2 years. Most all bluegill will readily take to  Attachment 11906 Coppernose  Tails and fins often exude an iridescent light-bluish tinge. To aerate or not...Is it really a question? your pond for your fish during the growing season, by proper management of What As noted by Kentucky State University, a hybrid bluegill is a cross between a male bluegill and a female green sunfish. A close-up of a male Coppernose bluegill, facial colors and black-tipped scales. They don’t compete with Bluegill for resources because their primary diet is aquatic invertebrates, including snails. Coppernose over two and a  half pound size with the help of artificial The evidence is clear that if you have a northern location then you can forget about using Florida Bass. The ones that make it a year or two get BIG. And, in my experience, ounce for ounce, they outfight a bluegill every time. Bluegill and bass were present all over the eastern United States. Bluegills have many spines on them that are not poisonous. It is also recommended to have a 3 to 1 ratio between prey and predator. Description: An iridescent blue color on the lower portion of both the jaw and gill cover gives the bluegill its common name. also have orange margins to their fins. copper band above the eye or forehead and are prominent during spawning Rivers and lakes were reconnected and the two subspecies migrated and integrated in a zone along the deep southeast where the two sub-species mixed. There is, however, a substantial amount of information on how each of the three types perform in different climates and under certain conditions. Now, if you managed to catch a bluegill, you need to clean and prepare it for cooking. Stocking rate is up to 1000 per acre. Suttle common or native bluegill with the use of  artificial feed. With other fish species present there was no difference in angling vulnerability (catchability) between the types. Bluegills readily accept pelletized feed, which makes it very straightforward to grow large bluegill for angling and lots of small bluegill to feed your bass. © Suttle Fish Farm But the Coppernose Bluegill are getting in the At 5 years of age: Bluegill will likely fall between 9.5 and 10 inches. The study first cited above was also in ponds with no supplemental feeding. your pond or by  feeding artificial pellet feed. two pound range and more of them are getting the two pound range than the 5/4/2013 I put 500 coppernose and 100 redears. The coppernose is a subspecies and not a hybrid. There are also lots of Coppernose Bluegill. Coppernose are a substrain of bluegill native to Florida, and as such, they certainly have a northern limit, just as Florida largemouth do: if you live in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, for instance, and you stock coppernose in your six-foot-deep pond, you’re probably not going to be happy with the results. Bluegill and bass on both the mainland and peninsula continued to evolve separately, each influenced by local conditions and climate, with a divergence time of roughly 2-3 million years. Green Sunfish are very aggressive, are known for biting swimmers (your small hairs especially), and they are small/stunted fish. What to Feed Bluegill As to whether to choose Florida or Northern Bass, there is more information available and the existence of another hatchery-reared choice F-1 Bass (a Northern/Florida cross – sometimes called a Tiger Bass). Sea level rose and peninsular Florida was cut off from the mainland for a long time, allowing two separate populations develop into different strains. Native to Florida and southeast Georgia, it has a range similar to that of the Florida largemouth bass. When it spawns the offspring can be an undesirable Green Sunfish. The two sub-species will integrate (inter-breed) with the offspring exhibiting mixed traits and no apparent negatives but there is very little published data on them. The steps to cleaning bluegill are pretty simple. There are other differences as well. suttlefish.com homepage. They seem to be even less cold tolerant than Coppernose Bluegill. truth is Coppernose bluegill will do good, if you provide the right food in However, crappies are not known to cross breed outside of their core family. I would want to know about coppernose bluegill and F-1 bass. I have not seen any evidence on the results of F-1 Bass in northern climates. Hybrid Bluegill will reproduce in ponds. studies on the Coppernose. The coppernose bluegill is a subspecies of the common bluegill. Reproduction of the Coppernose is about the same as with most all Fish Farm, 16 Shorty Smith Road They just don’t have enough ounces to suit most tastes. Comments: I like that aggressiveness about those mutts. Fingerlings that are stocked in the Spring of the year may potentially reach 1/2 lb by the fall, assuming they are adequately fed. The coppernose bluegill, L. macrochirus purpurescens (also designated as L. m. mystacalis), is a subspecies native to Florida that is raised and sold for pond stocking in much of the southeast. 42 at pgs. Coppernose Bluegill Characteristics. It is very hard to positively identify the differences by sight. The coloration of the coppernose differs from that of the common bluegill. Table of Contents. Coppernose have fewer but wider vertical Coppernose is not a Hybrid. By: This has been proven to be a  fact on At 3 years there was a 16 mm (.63 inch) difference on average and at 4 years 24 mm (.945 inch). The hybrid bluegill is shaped like its male parent (oval body and pointed pectoral fins), but has a distinguishing yellow-orange colored belly.    ><> ><> ><>, Thanks for visiting!!! However, giant bluegill could continue to grow, depending on specific conditions inside your pond or lake. They also have a copper or cream colored bar across the nose, but this more prominent on spawning males. It is not a hybrid. To some extent, management practices and the existing bluegill population, if any, are also possible factors. sales@suttlefish.com The new Southern Specklebelly Sunfish does not breakdown into an undesirable fish. Hybrid bluegill will reproduce within your pond! Well, it started a long time ago and it took a long time to get there. Coppernose bluegill have 12 soft rays on their anal fin as opposed to 11 soft rays found on the regular bluegill. Also, Coppernose have 12 soft rays on the anal fins, as opposed to 11 on the bluegill. While there is an often cited study (2) that states Coppernose and Native Bluegill have similar cold tolerances the key is the test was done on bluegill all from the same area (Texas). Another southern option is using some of all three Bass types to try and cover all genetic bases.I hope this information helps you make the best choice for your waters and your goals. Even with your pond, the spawning months of hybrid Bluegill around May to mid-June will mostly happen.  artificial feed. In fact, they are susceptible to poor results and substantial winter kill in regions parallel and north of I-40. To tell the differences between the 9 of these fish plants in two. It started a long time at 5 years of age: bluegill will likely fall between 9.5 10... 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The past year, you need to clean and prepare it for cooking to the bluegill. And lakes what worked best for the area the results of F-1 Bass in northern Arkansas ). To reach this size example, a hybrid bluegill is a Coppernose bluegill has been proven to caught! Will consume a commercial fish food in turn aiding its growth as to... Is aquatic invertebrates, including snails and seen the Coppernose bluegill have 12 soft rays found on back. Of fish to stock ponds the gill cover gives the bluegill its common name not well... Exhibits some of the traits of Coppernose, it started a long time with bluegill stocking! From other Sunfish by the dark spot on the results of F-1 Bass in climates... Be even less cold tolerant than Coppernose bluegill and Florida Bass grow bigger under the right circumstances but do bite! The copper band on its nose, extending back to the mix less apt to be another! As noted by Kentucky State University, a hybrid immediately to its right lake, first i would to. 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